The word “bonsai” refers to the process, not a specific plant. Directly translated, “bonsai” means small plant in pot. A bonsai kept in the home is a window to the natural world. The tending and care involved is seen as a meaningful connection to nature.
Water requirements of a bonsai vary depending on the variety of plant, and the container size. Water carefully over the soil surface to prevent any top soil, stones or gravel from washing off. Make sure water reaches all areas of the root ball, but never allow the roots to sit in water.
Bonsai are usually created using high light plants. A South or West facing sunny window is preferred.
When fertilizing a bonsai, take special care to use a mild dose of all purpose fertilizer. Exposed roots can be sensitive to high doses of fertilizer and pesticides.
Bonsai are typically trimmed to the liking of the owner. Some of the basic ideas behind bonsai trimming reflect that of larger trees. Cut limbs that a growing in conflict with one another. Remove any dead wood, or leafless stubs on the tips of the branches. Always use a sharp pair of scissors or pruners.
Every 2 to 3 years the bonsai needs to be repotted (even back in the same pot). At this time the roots need to be trimmed as well as the foliage.